Kidney stones: symptoms, how to cure and prevent it

Someone who has kidney stones usually don't feel any symptoms until the Kidney stone moves into the ureter. When already feels so sufferers will experience symptoms such as below:

Severe pain at the base of the side and/or thighs


Blood in urine
Vomiting and nausea
White blood cells or pus in the urine
Reduced number of urine secreted
Burning sensation during urination
A strong urge to urinate
Fever and chills if there is infection

Stone symptoms Kidney stone diagnosis ginjalBeberapa different tests can detect the presence of kidney stones. A physical examination may reveal tenderness colic (groin) and pain in the lower back around the kidney. Analysis of the urine can indicate whether or not there is blood in the urine and if there is a subsequent infection. A blood test can be done to identify complications that may accompany kidney stones and to check the validity of the diagnosis.

CT scan of the abdomen is the most thorough way to test for kidney stones. A CT scan will ensure the State of the ureters, bladder, and kidney stones, is there or not, the size of a kidney stone and its location, if there is a blockage or not, and the adjacent State of other organs such as appendicitis, aorta, and pancreas. Pregnant woman an ULTRASOUND tests do better than a CT scan to avoid unnecessary radiation.

After the patient was diagnosed with kidney stones, the inspection with the x-ray will be used to track the movement of through excretion system rocks.

Treat kidney stones


treating stones ginjalMengobati kidney stones should be focused on the management of symptoms, took out the stone can be very painful. If someone has a history of kidney stones, home care might just fit. However, someone who has never had kidney stones earlier should get medical aid.

If the treatment is done in the hospital, a nurse will give you anti-inflammatory drugs. Narcotic often used as a remedy to help relieve pain when removing a kidney stone. Anti-vomiting medications can be given also to patients suffering from nausea and vomiting.

In some cases, the urologist can perform Shockwave Therapy called lithotripsy-treatment that will break up the kidney stones into small pieces and allow to come out. A study showed that shock wave therapy for kidney stones is associated with an increased risk of diabetes.

Patients with large stones that are located in areas that do not allow for lithotripsy can receive surgical procedures such as nucleoplasty nephrolithotomy (appointment of a rock through an incision in the back) or removal (ureteroscopic stone the appointment of the stone through a thin tube into the urethra.

Prevent kidney stones

prevent stone ginjalUntuk healthy individuals, preventing kidney stones can be done with drinking water in portions enough. Water can erode minerals in the kidney so as not to form a stone. When a person's urine light-colored/white, not yellow, the possibility of the formation of stone wane. The doctor may also prescribe medicines to prevent certain types of stone for individuals who are at high risk.

A study found that a glass of orange juice every day may help prevent return of kidney stones. Someone at high risk should also reduce the intake of caffeine.

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