Learn about Diabetes: type, symptoms and Treatment

Diabetes, the most common disorder of the endocrine system (hormones), occurs when blood sugar levels in the body consistently remain above normal.
Diabetes is a disease that is caused by the body's inability to make insulin (type 1 diabetes) or because the body cannot respond to the effects of insulin (type 2 diabetes). Insulin is one of the main hormone that regulates blood sugar levels and allows the body to use sugar (glucose) for energy.

Pre-diabetes


In the U.S., 79 million people over the age of 20 have blood sugar levels that are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. This is known as pre-diabetes, or impaired glucose tolerance. People with pre-diabetes condition usually do not show the symptoms, though this condition should remain unnoticed because often develop into diabetes type.
After developing type 2 diabetes, which has symptoms such as unusual thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, rapid tired-or perhaps no symptoms at all. Talk to your doctor to see if you need to be tested for pre-diabetes. By identifying the signs of pre-diabetes before diabetes occurs, you may be able to prevent type 2 diabetes and lowers the risk of complications associated with this condition, such as heart disease.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes occurs because the cells that produce insulin from the pancreas (beta cells) are destroyed by the immune system. People with type 1 diabetes do not make insulin and insulin injections should use to control their blood sugar.
Type 1 diabetes is most often found in people under the age of 20, but can occur at any age.

Type 2 diabetes

When someone is experiencing diabetes type 2, the body continues to produce insulin, although the production of insulin by the body can significantly decreases with time. The pancreas produces insulin is not enough or the body is not able to recognize the insulin and use it correctly. When there is not enough insulin or the insulin is not used properly, glucose can't get transmitted to the body's cells to be used as energy, will then accumulate in the blood.
More than 25 million Americans have diabetes, and most of them have type 2 diabetes. The majority of cases it is indeed preventable, but many also happen complications associated with diabetes as blindness, amputation of non-traumatic, and chronic renal failure. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in people over the age of 40 who are overweight, but it can occur in people who are not overweight. Type 2 diabetes can also occur in children who are obese.
Some people can manage their type 2 diabetes by controlling their weight, go on a diet, and exercise regularly. In addition it is also helped by a diabetes pill helps the body to use insulin better or with insulin injections.
often, doctors can detect the likelihood of type 2 diabetes before conditions actually occurred. Often referred to as pre-diabetes, this condition occurs when a person's blood sugar levels higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes as.

Gestational Diabetes


Hormonal changes during pregnancy can affect the ability of insulin to work properly. The condition, called gestational diabetes, occurs in approximately 4% of all pregnancies.
Pregnant women who have an increased risk of diabetes are gestasional against those aged over 25 years, is above normal weight before getting pregnant, having a family history of diabetes, or Hispanic, black, Native American, or Asia.
Checking for diabetes gestasional can be done during pregnancy to lower the dress rehearsal complications in the mother and the fetus is born.
Typically, blood sugar levels return to normal within six weeks after the birth. However, the woman who had been suffering from diabetes while pregnant have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

What are the symptoms of Diabetes?

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes often occur suddenly and result in severe, including:

Always thirsty
Feel hungry even though already packed
dry mouth
Frequent urination
Weight loss (even though you eat and feel hungry)
Fatigue (feeling weak, tired)
blurred vision

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be the same as those listed above. Most often, there are no symptoms or gradual development of symptoms above. Other symptoms may include:
Wounds take longer to heal
Itching of the skin (usually in the vaginal area or groin)
yeast infection
Numbness or tingling in hands and feet
Impotence or erectile dysfunction

On gestational diabetes, often there are no symptoms. But if there is, then the symptoms can include:
Always thirsty
Feel hungry
Frequent urination
blurred vision

Pregnancy cause most women need to urinate more often and feel hungry, so having these symptoms does not necessarily mean that you have diabetes gestasional. But it is important to be tested, because high blood sugar can cause problems for mother and baby.

How Is Diabetes Treated?

Diabetes cannot be cured, but it can be treated and controlled. The goal of managing diabetes is to:
Keep your blood sugar levels by balancing food intake with physical activity and diabetes drugs.
Keep your blood cholesterol and triglycerides (FAT) to normal
Control your blood pressure. In order to keep the blood pressure under 130/80 you hold the key to managing diabetes. Consult your physician to establish a diabetes care plan will guide you in:
A balanced diet
exercise regularly
Medication, if prescribed
Monitoring of blood glucose and blood pressure levels at home
Perform laboratory tests when needed
Remember: what you do at home every day affects your blood sugar more than what doctors can give every few months during Your examination.

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