Parkinson's disease: understanding and the causes

Parkinson's disease, which affects mostly older human can also occur at various level of our age. Parkinson's disease is the result of gradual degeneration of nerve cells in the central portion of the brain that controls body movements. The first signs of parkinson's disease such as affected when feeling weak and stiff limbs or shaking that occurs on one hand while it is resting.

Finally, feeling the shaking got worse, muscles will tend to be stiff, and balance and coordination is not as good as ready. Depression, cognitive problems, mental or emotional issues can also be a sign of someone suffering from parkinson's disease.

Parkinson's disease usually begins between the ages of 50 and 65, attacked about 1% of the entire population. Parkinson's disease is more frequently experienced by men than women. Medications can treat symptoms of parkinson's disease, and the disease is not directly life-threatening.

The Cause Of Parkinson's Disease

Body movement is governed by the part of the brain called the basal ganglia, the cell requires the right balance of two substance called dopamine and acetylcholine, are both involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. When a person suffers from Parkinson's disease, cells that produce dopamine begin to degenerate, reducing the balance of these two neurotransmitters.

Researchers believe that genetic factors sometimes play an important role in this disorder. In rare cases, Parkinson's disease may be caused by viral infection or by exposure to environmental toxins such as pesticides, carbon monoxide, or metal manganese. But in most cases, the cause of Parkinson's is unknown.

Parkinson's disease is a form of parkinsonism. This is a more general term used for on symptoms that are generally associated with Parkinson's disease but sometimes come from other causes. This distinction is important because other causes of parkinson's may be treatable, while others do not is not affected at all even though it's been treated.

Other causes of parkinson's include:

The use of illegal drugs.
Exposure to environmental toxins.
Thyroid and parathyroid disorders.
Repeated head trauma (eg, trauma associated with boxing).
A brain tumor.
Excess fluid around the brain (Hydrocephalus).
Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), due to an infection.

Parkinsonism can also occur in people with other neurological conditions, including Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, or Lou Gehrig's disease), a disease of CJD, a disease Huntington's disease, and Wilson.

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