What are kidney stones and causes kidney stones

Kidney stones usually consist of a compound called calcium oxalate. Calcium oxalate is a result of the accumulation of minerals dissolved in the inner layer of the kidney. The buildup of these minerals can grow to as big as golf balls.

Small kidney stones can come out along with the urine without us even knowing, but kidney stones can also cause incredible pain as we waste water.

Kidney stones that settles in the body can trigger a variety of conditions, including severe pain and blockage of the ureter, which connect the kidneys and bladder, so that the troublesome urine to exit.

Scientists from MayoClinic, Rochester, USA, said that people who have kidney stones have a higher risk for developing chronic kidney disease.

What causes kidney stones?


the main causes of the stone ginjalPenyebab a person has kidney stones is water shortage. Kidney stones are usually found in people who drank the water less than eight glasses of water per day. When there is enough water to thin the uric acid (a component of urine), the pH level of the kidneys will decrease and become more acidic. Environment too acidic is ideal for the formation of kidney stones.

Medical conditions such as Crohn's disease, urinary tract infection, renal tubule acidosis, hyperparathyroidism, medullary sponge kidney, and the disease has been known to Dent can trigger the formation of kidney stones. Some cases of kidney stones can also be caused by the fluoridasi of water or the addition of fluoride to drinking water.

Some types of drugs can increase the risk of Kidney stone formation. The scientists found that the opiramate or topamax, a drug commonly prescribed to treat migraines and seizures, can increase the risk of Kidney stone formation.

Other factors that can increase the risk of Kidney stone formation include a diet high in protein but low in sodium, and calcium, lifestyle, obesity, high blood pressure, and certain conditions that affect the absorption of calcium by the body such as gastric bypass surgery, inflammatory bowel disease, and chronic diarrhea.

Who can be affected by kidney stones?


Men known to have two times the risk of having kidney stones than women. Most people who suffer from kidney stones come with age range between 30 to 50 years. Family history can also increase the risk of someone affected by kidney stones. Similarly, if someone ever had kidney stones before the risk of kidney stones grow back is big enough if precautionary measures are not undertaken.

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